Often considered to be a remake of The Evil Dead (1981); however, this is not accurate. The rights to show scenes from the original could not be obtained to re-cap what happened, so the beginning was remade to explain how Ash got to the cabin, etc.
During the scene where the severed head of Linda bites Ash's hand, Bruce Campbell says the single line "work shed". This line was later re-dubbed in post-production due to the quality of the audio, giving it a strange, slightly "disproportionate" sound to the audio. Nine years later, while filming his cameo in Escape from L.A. (1996), the first thing Kurt Russell said to Bruce Campbell on the set was, jokingly, "Say 'work shed'".
Stephen King was such a huge fan of The Evil Dead (1981) that he convinced producer Dino De Laurentiis over dinner (who was producing King's Maximum Overdrive (1986) at the time) to have his production company DEG (De Laurentiis Entertainment Group) finance Evil Dead II (1987).
The recap of The Evil Dead (1981) includes a shot where the "evil force" runs through the cabin and rams into Ash. When this shot was filmed, Bruce Campbell suffered a broken jaw when Sam Raimi (who was operating the camera) crashed into him with a bicycle - or so people were led to believe. This was a story concocted by Sam Raimi and Bruce Campbell as a gag to see how many people would believe it actually happened.
One of the books on the can that traps Ash's possessed hand is Ernest Hemingway's "A Farewell to Arms".
Many scenes were deleted from the movie and according to official reports, all of them and original version of the movie are lost. Some of these scenes are;
Henrietta is in her rocking chair while the professor reads the incantations when she rocks into the light revealing her demonic eyes
Linda's severed head throws up black bile on Ash when it's trapped in the vice (which is why black slime suddenly appears around her mouth in the final scene)
Linda's severed head puts its long snake-like tongue into Ash's mouth when he's sitting in the rocking chair
alternate longer take of the "blood flood" with green and yellow blood
after hitting the possessed Ed with the ax the scene continues as a "half-headed" Ed runs after them and eventually is chopped to pieces and body parts flop on the floor
possessed Ash eating a squirrel as he runs after Annie
Ash's demonic face morphing into normal after he takes his dead girlfriend's necklace...
Fans of the movie did manage to find very rare 36 minutes long workprint which only has very early versions of opening and ending scenes with only few extra shots, and old rare TV version of the movie with many alternate and extended scenes but unfortunately even this version doesn't includes all the famous deleted scenes.
The sexy, surly Bobby Joe was inspired by Holly Hunter, who was a housemate of Sam Raimi's in the early 80s, along with Joel Coen and Frances McDormand. One particular incident inspired the character: Hunter was auditioning for a hooker part and was unusually made-up and wearing a sexy, short-skirted outfit. She became angry at Raimi when he somewhat leered at her. Raimi pulled for Hunter to play the part, but the producers wanted someone "sexier".
Sam Raimi: the first Medieval knight to raise his sword and give his speech before hailing to Ash.
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A glove belonging to the A Nightmare on Elm Street (1984) Freddy Krueger character can be seen hanging above the door of the tool shed when Ash carves his girlfriends head with a chainsaw and when he's looking for the pages in the later cellar scenes. This was in response to the use of The Evil Dead (1981) on a television screen in A Nightmare on Elm Street (1984).
Further evidence that this is a sequel rather than a remake - the original screen play called for footage from the original movie with a narrative recapping the story so far. However, rights to the footage could not be maintained so any my thing of relevance to the second story was remade into the opening 10 minutes. Evil dead 2 officially starts where the evil force possesses Ash for the first time, being the point at which the original movie ended on its cliff hang.